Original title: American media: The United States is not prepared for a major crisis and more than once
refer to the news network reported on April 9th . The Washington Post website published an article entitled “The United States was not prepared for a major crisis” on April 5th. Prepare, this is not the first time “article. The article said that Trump has downplayed the corona virus threat, slowed down, and sent a messy message to the country. The federal bureaucracy hastily requested rapid production of virus detection devices. The inventory of key medical supplies is limited, and the supply line is inefficient. Between the states and the hospitals, there is a life-and-death competition.
When the public asks the government for help, the government sometimes appears helpless, cold, or contradictory-and this is not the first time. The content of the article is compiled as follows:
Unprepared for the crisis.
On September 11, 2001, when terrorists hijacking the plane attacked the United States, the United States and its leaders were caught off guard. The financial crisis of 2008 evolved into a severe recession, forcing the government to take unprecedented agitation and try its best to deal with the economic collapse. The damage caused by Hurricane Andrew in Florida in 1992 and Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in 2005 exposed the serious shortage of government disaster relief and emergency management systems.
Leon Panetta, who has served as the Minister of Defense, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Director of the White House Office, Director of Administration and Budget, and Member of the House of Representatives in the government, said: “We are always waiting for the crisis to happen. I know that man-made accidents Inevitable, but those who undertake these tasks have a responsibility to ensure that we are not caught by surprise when the crisis strikes. ”
In interviews over the past two weeks, senior officials from the bipartisan governments have stated that President Trump and his government have almost Not meeting every standard a government should meet.
Repeated crises show that the government rarely prepares adequately, not even once.
Leadership is important, and what President Trump did or did not do in the early stages of this particular crisis will be documented. However, the scope and depth of these issues far exceed the president’s ability to act. Lack of planning and lack of preparation is certainly the cause of the problem, but the inertia of the bureaucracy and the fear of taking risks by professional officials are also the reasons. Personnel changes cause the government to lack historical knowledge and professional knowledge. The decision-making process in an emergency is not as dynamic as in the past. Politics has also become a stumbling block.
Good reputation is gone
University of Virginia professor Philip Zelico said that a long time ago, this was far from the case, when the United States demonstrated its ability and confidence in the world. Zelico has served in five governments and served as the executive director of the “9.11” committee.
He said: “The United States once had a reputation for not being influenced by ideology, super pragmatic, problem-solving, and outstanding. This image of the United States was obtained through hard work, because people saw the United States almost perfectly solve a series of problems … … If you compare this image with the image of the United States today, it is a bit frustrating. ”
For years, government officials have been worried about the threat of pandemics like coronavirus. In the fall of 2005, President George W. Bush commissioned Homeland Security Advisor Frances Townsend to develop a national pandemic strategy.
Townsend recalled that when she convened an inter-departmental meeting to start the project, she encountered strong resistance from cabinet officials. Only under constant supervision and the president ’s insistence, the pandemic strategy was completed, and this was part of the handover between the Bush administration and the Obama administration.
Government departments have their own policies.
When disaster strikes, preparations are of limited help to government officials. More importantly, the existing system should allow people to act quickly, adapt to changes and create mechanisms that can respond to unexpected situations in the first place.
Andrew H. Carter Jr. served as Minister of Transportation in the George H.W. Bush Administration. When Hurricane “Andrew” hit Florida, the federal government’s relief operations were criticized. The elder Bush assigned Card to Florida for disaster relief. Card worked there for 7 weeks.
He found that the bureaucracy was unwilling to change the rules. He said: “I find that the Federal Emergency Measures Agency is a great organization, but they dare not do things that are not expressly prescribed.” affairs
Government departments have their own -including public health, emergency management, economic assistance and other departments-caused Other obstacles. The movement of people and vacancies in important positions also create obstacles, and this persistent problem is particularly evident in the Trump administration.
Andrew Nazios, former director of the United States Agency for International Development and current director of the Scowcroft Institute at the George Bush Administration and School of Public Service at Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University, said that time is the most precious when dealing with disasters assets. He said: “The speed of your actions will determine whether you can control the development of the situation.” The
vacancy of key post officials
even the powers of the presidents are restricted. No president is fully capable of responding to crises, which means that leaders of different agencies must be relied upon, and they can help the president implement policies urgently. At this moment, Trump was tied up because he did not have enough manpower for political posts in various government departments, and he also made statements that discredited professional officials.
The Trump administration has long had a large number of vacancies in key positions, and professional officials have suffered hostility, and at such times, these officials are crucial.
To succeed, we must surpass the ability of the president to reach out and promote bureaucracy. When quick action is required, the top-down system becomes an obstacle. Disaster management experts believe that an effective system allows officials at the bottom of the government to take action without receiving orders. Coordination work must be carried out at the top of the government; response work should be carried out at a much lower level.
The Trump administration ’s overall performance in responding to the coronavirus epidemic will be thoroughly examined. The president ’s approach has become the focus of criticism, and his prospects for reelection may depend on how the public evaluates his leadership in November.