Original title: “90% of masks are made in the country and 95% are made in the foreign country.” The United States is starting to
feel anxious. “The number of deaths broke through a hundred.
In order to better and faster respond to the outbreak crisis, the United States announced that it will increase its horsepower to produce masks and build a new Honeywell mask factory in the country. At the same time, White House officials also said they are preparing a presidential executive order to move the supply chain back to China from foreign countries such as China.
In response, American economists analyzed that using administrative means to force the return of the supply chain to the United States may not necessarily be beneficial to American economic interests, national security, and public health.
A spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China said that the formation and development of the global industry chain supply chain is the result of the combined effect of market laws and corporate choices. It is neither realistic nor wise to try to artificially cut off the global industrial chain and supply chain, or even touting “transfer” and “decoupling”, by any excuse or in any way.
Temporary new mask factory in the United States on the
16th local time, White House National Trade Commission Director Navarro announced that the well-known US mask manufacturer Honeywell will build a new mask in the United States factory.
Navarro said he received a call from Honeywell executives who said that if regulatory approval was obtained, the company could begin producing masks within a month.
Navarro said, “I have asked them to submit a plan on the evening of the 13th, and the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has promised to approve the plan within a day or two. As we speak, Honeywell Preparations are underway for a mask factory in Smithfield, Rhode Island. ”
Honeywell spokesman Eric Krantz said the company is ready to help the US government respond to the crisis. “In response to the rapidly growing demand for masks, we have increased production capacity at multiple factories around the world, and now we are rapidly increasing the production of N95 masks in the United States.”
Kranz also said that final details of the plant’s construction are still being finalized, and he declined to disclose more.
“From 90% made in the United States to 95% made in a foreign country, it only takes one year.”
At the end of last month, the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azza said in a question to members of the Congress. Inventory, but US medical staff needs 300 million masks, and the gap in masks is 270 million.
Although many well-known mask manufacturers in the world are American companies, their production lines are outside the United States. Some in the industry believe that the shortage of masks in the United States is due to outflow of production.
The National Public Radio (NPR) reports that Mike Bowen, executive vice president of Prestige Ameritech, the largest manufacturer of surgical masks in the United States, said the problem had been sown 15 years ago. At that time, most mask factories moved abroad because the cost of producing masks was very low. These include the former industry leader Kimberley-Clark.
“The supply of surgical masks has changed from 90% made in the United States to 95% made in a foreign country in just one year,” Bowen said.
After the outbreak, masks became a scarce thing, and China is a big producer of masks. Before the crisis, China’s mask production accounted for half of the world. Later, due to the surge in mask demand and the encouragement of the Chinese government, China’s mask production increased by almost 12 times.
Nowadays, except for China, the global new crown virus epidemic situation is getting worse. On the 16th, the New York Times published an article entitled “The world needs Chinese-made masks. What will it do?” “In the text, there is a” blame “between the lines, meaning that China keeps the masks produced in China. Navarro even said last month that “China ‘nationalizes’ American 3M companies.”
But that is not the case. After the epidemic situation in China was effectively controlled and the demand for masks eased, last month China has donated 250,000 masks to Iran, one of the most severely affected countries, 200,000 to the Philippines, and 100,000 masks to Japan. After offering 1.1 million masks to South Korea this week, China also said it would export 5 million masks to South Korea. Chinese companies and the Italian government also reached a supply agreement for 8 million masks.
The United States intends to relocate the medical supply chain from China on the
16th. Navarro also said that in order to resolve the United States’ dependence on foreign medical supplies, the White House is preparing an executive order to move the medical supply chain from overseas to the United States. .
Navarro said not only drugs but also medical supplies and equipment. He said that about 70% of the United States’ advanced pharmaceutical ingredients come from abroad, and “the essence of the executive order is to bring these items back to the United States so that we are less worried about our dependence on foreign countries.”
Navarro also said that the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Department of Defense have purchased a large number of medical equipment, “we need to let them buy from American manufacturers in the United States.”
Tennessee Republican Senator Marsha Blackburn and others are also concerned about this, and last week they proposed a $ 100 million allocation for US drug production.
In response, Scott Kennedy, a senior researcher at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, thinks that forcing the return of the supply chain to the United States by administrative means does not necessarily benefit American economic interests, national security, and public health.
He said the shortage of masks and medical supplies can be solved with strategic reserves. In the short term, the United States should coordinate with Europe and Asian countries including China.
On the 17th, Geng Shuang, a spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, also said that in the face of the epidemic, saying this kind of words is simply catching the wrong medicine and prescribing the wrong prescription. Take more damage.
Geng Shuang pointed out that at this time, no country can survive on its own. Countries must work together to overcome the difficulties. Only in this way can the epidemic be overcome at an early date.